Palaces
Rudawy Janowickie Mountains
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Łomnica Palace

Łomnica was mentioned as a knights’ village way back in 1305, while accounts from 1366 speak of the existence of landed property. In 1281 a nearby property in Wojanów was taken possession of by Hans Zedlitz von Schildow, whose family had moved into Lower Silesia and held administrative functions at the courts of the Świdnica-Jawor and Legnica-Brzeg dukes.

It is possible that the property also belonged to them at this time. Another known fact is that in 1391 Łomnica was sold by Peter Langevelzil to the knight Heinze von Zedlitz. The next owner was Nickel von Zedlitz, who around the year 1498 sold Łomnica to Zedlitz brothers from Maciejowa.
Łomnica, just like the neighbouring Wojanów, remained in the hands of the von Zedlitz family until 1650, when the next owner – by marriage to Anna Elisabeth von Zedlitz – became the Imperial Austrian lieutenant colonel, Mathias de Tomagnini.


In 1720 the family commissioned the manor’s conversion into a baroque palace. Other sources describe the conversion as taking place from 1705 to 1725.
The revamping of the building carried out in the early 18th century is attributed to the well-known architect Martin Frantz of Reval. Work was mainly restricted to the interiors and elevations, as the palace’s form and original layout was retained.
The Łomnica estate remained the family’s property up until 1738, when it was purchased by the Jelenia Góra merchant Chrystian Mentzel. As a person lacking noble birth, he had to obtain the emperor’s permission. In 1748 Mentzel’s son Christian Godfried renovated the palace, and also probably laid out the park. The property stayed in the family’s hands until 1809, when it was given by one of Mentzel’s descendents to his divorced wife.
In 1811 a merchant from Kowary, Johann Georg Flauch, bought the estate from the divorcee, and following his death in 1822 it was inherited by his widow, Maria Flauch. The palace was next to pass into the hands of her son-in-law, Baron Moritz von Roth.
Łomnica palace was bought by Carl Gustav von Küster in 1835. He was a minister to the Prussian king and an enjoy at the Neapolitan court, and his family had been raised to the nobility in 1815 by the king of Prussia.
Another conversion, into Biedermeier style, began in 1838 under the direction of Albert Tolberg, an apprentice of Karl Friedrich Schinkel, who since 1835 had been director of the building office at the Szaffgotsch’ property. Exterior stuccowork, window pediments and a few mouldings were removed, the entrance hall was split with two Doric columns, the window openings were enlarged, and a third storey was added on the garden side.
Baroque polychromes in the ground-floor window embrasures were probably plastered over. A tower was erected by the western elevation in 1841, and three years later the stairs were rebuilt. The next refurbishment work took place in 1926.
The property belonged to the Küster family until 1945.


A farming education centre was opened in the palace after World War II, followed by a primary school which functioned there until 1977, when it was closed because of the poor technical condition of the floors. No refurbishment work was carried out, and the building was abandoned. The local population ravaged the palace, cutting out the ceiling beams for firewood and removing the floorboards. Devastated, with partially collapsed floors and roof truss, the palace was bought up in 1992 by a German-Polish partnership, Wacław Dzida and Urlich von Küster, which opened the way for work to protect what was left. In 1996 reconstruction of the park, which had been left to run wild, commenced: this involved reforming the old park axes, the former paths, and a great deal of planting.
The palace today is a three-storey building with a usable attic, the main corpus covered by a hip roof with dormers. Large fragments of murals dating back to 1705-1725 as well as decorative paintings on the ceilings and cornices from the days of Tolberg’s conversion have survived to this day.
 Literature:
1. Kapałczyński W., Napierała P. „Zamki, pałace i dwory Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej”. Fundacja Doliny Pałaców i Ogrodów Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej. Wrocław 2005.
2. "Słownik geografii turystycznej Sudetów. Rudawy Janowickie". Red. M. Staffa. Wyd. I-BIS. Wrocław 1998
3. "Dolina Zamków i Ogrodów. Kotlina Jeleniogórska - wspólne dziedzictwo". Red. O. Czerner, A. Herzig. Muzeum Okręgowe w Jeleniej Górze. Berlin i Jelenia Góra 2003
4. Ciołek M. "Romantyczna rezydencja w Wojanowie i jej twórcy: Fryderyk A. Stueler i Peter J. Lenne". http://www.dziedzictwo.pl


Translation Jonathan Weber

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