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Miedzianka palace

In 1353, Duke Bolko II the Small of Świdnica erected a castle where Miedzianka is to be found today.
Hans Dypold, the owner of Miedzianka, ruled until 1531, during his time transforming Miedzianka into a leading centre for the extraction and processing of copper, lead and silver ores in the Sudetes mountains.

He had thoroughly rebuilt the castle in 1518, transforming it into a Renaissance residence.
The next owner was Alex Holzschau, and from 1537 the castle owner was secretary of state to the Polish king, Jost Ludwig Dietz of Kraków. The Jelenia Góra merchants Hans and Franz Hellmann were next to hold possession, and the castle remained in their hands until 1543. In 1562 the property was purchased by the Schaffgotsch family, and it was bought by George von Furst in 1598 for 25,000 thalers.


During the Thirty Years’ War, on 9 June 1637, Croatian soldiers burnt Miedzianka to the ground. The timber-built homes, as well as the shingle and straw roofs, were quickly consumed by the flames. The castle itself was also destroyed on this occasion, but was rebuilt shortly afterwards.
In 1728 Miedzianka was destroyed once again as a result of fire, and its reconstruction took until 1752. In the meantime, in 1737, the Furst family sold the property to Christoph Ferdinand von Nimptsch. Miedzianka became the property of a secret Prussian minister of state, Hans Heinrich von Churschwandt, in 1768. His widow, Countess von Nimptsch, inherited the property and married Wilhelm von Schlabrendorf. They sold the property in 1780 to a Prussian royal captain, Ernest Hermann von Koelichen und Rustern, and the next owner was to be Countess Ernestine von Matuschka in 1802. The property passed into the hands of the son of Count Gustave Maria von Matuschka in 1811, and on his instructions a new palace in classicist-Biedermeier style was erected in the years 1813 – 1819. He then sold it to the von Stolberg counts of Janowice.
On the evening of 12 October 1824 a fire broke out in house number 84, and quickly began to spread; only the palace survived this Miedzianka fire in good condition.
The copper mine’s administration and canteen was housed in the palace after 1945. A fire destroyed the palace roof in 1958. Because the natural resources had run out in the mines, the town was beginning to depopulate. The demolition of Miedzianka’s buildings, including the palace, began around 1972.
 
Literature:
1. Kapałczyński W., Napierała P. „Zamki, pałace i dwory Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej”. Fundacja Doliny Pałaców i Ogrodów Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej. Wrocław 2005.
2. "Słownik geografii turystycznej Sudetów. Rudawy Janowickie". Red. M. Staffa. Wyd. I-BIS. Wrocław 1998
3. "Dolina Zamków i Ogrodów. Kotlina Jeleniogórska - wspólne dziedzictwo". Red. O. Czerner, A. Herzig. Muzeum Okręgowe w Jeleniej Górze. Berlin i Jelenia Góra 2003
4. Ciołek M. "Romantyczna rezydencja w Wojanowie i jej twórcy: Fryderyk A. Stueler i Peter J. Lenne". http://www.dziedzictwo.pl
5. Portal Wiedzy Onet.pl. http://portalwiedzy.onet.pl


Translation Jonathan Weber

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